Periodontal Disease | DentArana

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Periodontal Disease

At DentArana we specialise in providing treatments for periodontal disease such as cleaning, scaling and root planning. We are able to effectively treat all forms of periodontal / gum disease using the latest techniques and technologies.

What is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal diseases are infections of the gums that can destroy the bone around your teeth. It is caused by dental plaque, a sticky film of food debris, bacteria, and saliva. Plaque constantly forms on your teeth, and if it is not removed, it will harden into tartar (calculus). Tartar can only be removed by a professional cleaning.

If plaque and tartar are not removed, they will begin to destroy the gums and bone. This process is called periodontitis. Severe gum disease can lead to tooth loss, and has also been linked to other serious health problems such as stroke, diabetes, and heart disease. The problem is that the bacteria associated with periodontal disease can use your gum tissue to enter your bloodstream and put pressure on your immune system.

Symptoms of Periodontal Disease

The early stage of periodontal disease is called gingivitis. Gingivitis does not usually cause pain, but there are some symptoms that may be present, including:

  • Bleeding gums
  • Red, swollen, or tender gums
  • Bad breath
  • Gums that pull away from the teeth

If you have any of these symptoms, it is important to see a dentist or periodontist right away. Gingivitis can be reversed with professional cleaning and good oral hygiene at home.

If gingivitis is not treated, it can progress to periodontitis. Periodontitis is advanced periodontal disease, and can cause the following symptoms:

  • Gums that are red, swollen, and tender
  • Gums that bleed easily
  • Bad breath
  • Loose teeth
  • Sensitive teeth
  • Receding gums
  • Deep pockets between the teeth and gums
  • eventually tooth loss.

Treatment for Periodontal Disease

The first step in treating periodontal disease is to remove the plaque and tartar from your teeth. This can be done by a dentist or dental hygienist. Scaling means scraping off the plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line. Root planing gets rid of plaque and tartar from the roots of the teeth.

After your teeth have been cleaned, your dentist or periodontist will check to see if the pockets between your teeth and gums have gotten deeper. If they have, you may need to have surgery to clean them out.

In some cases, periodontal disease can be treated with antibiotics. These can be taken by mouth or placed directly on the gums.

Prevention of Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is preventable. You can help prevent periodontal disease by being aware of the risk factors:

  • Brushing your teeth twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste
  • Cleaning between your teeth every day with floss or another interdental cleaner
  • Eating a balanced diet and limiting sugary snacks
  • Seeing your dentist or periodontist regularly for professional cleanings and checkups

If you have periodontal disease, it is important to keep up with your oral hygiene at home and to see your dentist or periodontist regularly. With proper treatment, you can keep your teeth and gums healthy.

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